Staff
Instructor:
Stan Becker and Nafissatou Sidibe
Offered By
Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health
Description
This course introduces the basic techniques of demographic analysis. Students will become familiar with the sources of data available for demographic research. Population composition and change measures will be presented. Measures of mortality, fertility, marriage and migration levels and patterns will be defined. Life table, standardization and population projection techniques will also be explored.
This course was developed by JHSPH faculty with the generous support of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Qualified educators may order this course and others on CDROM from the Bill and Melinda Gates Instiute for Population and Reproductive Health .
Syllabus
Course Description
This course introduces the basic techniques of demographic analysis. Students will become familiar with the sources of data available for demographic research. Population composition and change measures will be presented. Measures of mortality, fertility, marriage and migration levels and patterns will be defined. Life table, standardization and population projection techniques will also be explored.
Course Objectives
After completion of this course, the student will be able to identify appropriate sources of data, perform basic demographic analyses using various techniques and ensure their comparability across populations. The student will also be able to produce population projections and interpret the information gathered by the different demographic methods.
To attain the course objectives, the instructor will:
 Identify and compare the advantages and disadvantages of the different sources of demographic data.
 Present appropriate techniques to ensure comparability of the measures across population.
 Describe basic demographic indicators and elaborate on their computation and interpretation.
 Introduce population projection calculations and analysis.
 Competencies to be demonstrated by the student:
 Identify the different sources of data and describe the advantages and disadvantages of each.
 Define and differentiate the demographic concepts, terminology and formulas.
 Discuss the key assumptions underlying techniques and tools.
 Describe the distribution of a population using various demographic characteristics.
 Construct a Lexis diagram.
 Perform direct and indirect methods of standardization.
 Construct and analyze simple and abridged lifetables.
 Describe the relations and calculate indicators in a stationary population
 Derive the mathematical relationships in a cohort life table.
 Estimate the rate of change in a population
 Project a population using appropriate equations and assumptions.
 Recognize and analyze typical demographic patterns arising from the data.
Prerequisites
It is essential that the student be familiar with algebra. Although not required, an understanding of elementary probability is recommended (see discussion in chapter 3 of â€œFundamentals of Biostatistics â€“ Fourth Editionâ€ by Bernard Rosner. Duxbury Press). Calculus will also be useful to the student.
Readings
Shyrock S, Siegel JS, Stockwell EG. The Methods and Materials of Demography. Academic Press. 1976.
Course Requirements
At the end of each module, a set of review questions is made available. The questions are an additional learning tool testing your understanding of the concepts and measuring your progress.
Schedule
1 
Sources of Demographic Data
 Identify the different sources of data
 Describe the advantages and disadvantages of each

Lecture 1 Slides
Lecture 1 Audio:
Exercises

2 
Ratio, Rate, and Probability
 Define and distinguish ratio, rate, and probability
 Identify fundamental rates in demography: crude and specific rates
 Define crude birth rate, crude death rate, and rate of natural increase

Lecture 2 Slides
Lecture 2 Audio:
Exercises

3 
Population Composition
 Define and calculate indicators for the following characteristics: sex, age, race, marital status, education, and economic statu
 Describe the distribution of a population using these various demographic characteristics

Lecture 3 Slides
Lecture Audio:
Exercises

4 
Lexis Diagram
 Draw a Lexis diagram
 Use it for display of demographic data and for estimation.

Lecture 4 Slides
Lecture 4 Audio:
Exercises

5 
Mortality and Its Measurement
 Distinguish the different definitional matters
 Define and calculate basic and specific mortality indicators

Lecture 5 Slides
Lecture 5 Audio:
Exercises

6 
Standardization
 Indicate the Purposes of Standardization
 Define and distinguish between direct and indirect standardization
 Apply the methods and interpret the results

Lecture 6 Slides
Lecture 6 Audio:
Part A
Exercises

7 
Life Table
 Construct a life table
 Contrast different life tables
 Use Survival Ratios to project and reverse survive populations

Lecture 7 Slides
Lecture 7 Audio:
Exercises

8 
Measures of Marriage and Divorce
 Define and Calculate Indicators of Marriage
 Define and calculate indicators of divorce

Lecture 8 Slides
Lecture 8 Audio:
No Exercises

9 
Fertility and Its Measurements
 Define and Calculate Measures of Fertility Based on Vital Statistics
 Define and calculate measures of reproductivity based on vital statistics
 Define and calculate measures of fertility based on censuses and surveys
 Recognize the relationship among some fertility indicators
 Define and calculate indicators and models to measure birth intervals
 Be knowledgeable about various fertility models

Lecture 9 Slides
Lecture 9 Audio:
 Part A
 Part B
 Part C
 Part D
Exercises

10 
Measurements of Migration
 Define Migration and its Different Forms
 Estimate Net Migration Using Different Assumptions
 Define and calculate different indicators
 Examine different ways of studying migration

Lecture 10 Slides
Lecture 10 Audio:
Exercises

11 
Population Change and Projection
 Estimate rates of change in populations
 Calculate doubling time
 Understand the relationship between age distribution and demographic rates and understand the bookkeeping equation
 Project a population and its agesex composition using different assumptions and interpret the results
 Evaluate different projections

Lecture 11 Slides
Lecture 11 Audio:
Exercises
