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 Water Quality Control  posted by  member150_php   on 2/28/2009  Add Courseware to favorites Add To Favorites  
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Abstract/Syllabus:

Adams, Eric, 1.77 Water Quality Control, Spring 2006. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology: MIT OpenCourseWare), http://ocw.mit.edu (Accessed 08 Jul, 2010). License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA

Water Quality Control

Spring 2006

Photograph of Professor Donald Harleman.
In memory of Prof. Donald R. F. Harleman (1922-2005), my mentor, who taught this subject from 1969-1992. --Eric Adams (November 2006)

Course Highlights

This course features a complete set of lecture notes and readings.

Course Description

The course material emphasizes mathematical models for predicting distribution and fate of effluents discharged into lakes, reservoirs, rivers, estuaries, and oceans. It also focuses on formulation and structure of models as well as analytical and simple numerical solution techniques. Also discussed are the role of element cycles, such as oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus, as water quality indicators; offshore outfalls and diffusion; salinity intrusion in estuaries; and thermal stratification, eutrophication, and sedimentation processes in lakes and reservoirs. This course is a core requirement for the Environmental MEng program.

Syllabus

Description

The course material emphasizes mathematical models for predicting distribution and fate of effluents discharged into lakes, reservoirs, rivers, estuaries, and oceans. It also focuses on formulation and structure of models as well as analytical and simple numerical solution techniques. Also discussed are the role of element cycles, such as oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus, as water quality indicators; offshore outfalls and diffusion; salinity intrusion in estuaries; and thermal stratification, eutrophication, and sedimentation processes in lakes and reservoirs. This course is a core requirement for the Environmental MEng program.

Prerequisites

1.060 Engineering Mechanics II

Textbooks

The primary text for the class is a set of the instructor's course notes, which closely parallel the material in the lecture notes. The following book is used as a supplemental text:

  Fischer, Hugo B., John E. List, C. Robert Koh, Jorg Imberger, and Norman H. Brooks. Mixing in Inland and Coastal Waters. Burlington, MA: Academic Press, 1979. ISBN: 0122581504.

Grading Criteria

Activities percentages
Problem Sets 30%
Two Quizzes (25% each; one take-home, one in-class; both open book) 50%
Special Project (short group computer modeling exercise, or individual critique of modeling paper) 20%

Optional final exam ("third quiz", you can average the three to improve grade). 3 hour open book.

Calendar

SES # TOPICS
1 Introduction
2-3 Molecular Diffusion

Random Walk Processes

Application to Solar Ponds
4-6 Turbulent Advection and Diffusion

1-, 2-, and 3-D Models of Concentration Distributions from Point, Line, and Plane Sources

Instantaneous and Continuous Discharges

Applications to Water and Air Pollution
7-8 Spatial Averaging

Longitudinal Dispersion in Steady and Unsteady Flows

Applications to Rivers
9-11 Mixing in Estuaries and Embayments

Tidal Motion, Salinity Intrusion

Flushing and Residence Time Concepts

Field Tracer Studies
12 First Quiz
13 Reactor Tanks (Fully Mixed, Dispersed Flow, and Plug Flow)

Models of Reservoirs and Ponds

Applications
14-15 Initial Mixing (Jets and Plumes; Ocean Outfalls)

Applications
16-17 Surface Boundary Processes: Exchange of Mass, Momentum, and Thermal Energy

Thermal Stratification in Lakes and Reservoirs

Models of Oil Spill Trajectory

Gas Exchange
18-19 Bottom Boundary Processes: Sediment Erosion/Deposition

Discrete and Flocculant Settling

Sorption Processes

Sediment-Water Exchange
20-21 Carbon, Nutrient, and Oxygen Cycles

Dissolved Oxygen in Rivers and Estuaries
22-23 Numerical Models of Hydrodynamics and Water Quality and their Linkage in 1-, 2-, and 3-D

Model Selection/Assessment

Case Studies
24 Second Quiz
25-26 Student Presentations



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